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Biofuels

Petrosun Algae Starts Branch in China

Although the algae biofuel industry is still relatively young, a few companies have established themselves as market leaders. One of these, Arizona-based Petrosun, has recently taken a noticeable step - announcing an international venture to establish an algae farm in China. The company says it has an agreement with Jun Ya Yan Technology Development Co. of Shanghai which will commit $40 million to viagra how much fund the Chinese farm. The profits of how to get cialis the look here effect of viagra on women joint venture will be split between PetroSun’s China subsidiary and we recommend cialis for women Jun Ya Yan Tech.

In Texas, PetroSun is building 1,100 acres of ponds in its Rio Hondo location
to produce 4.4 million gallons of algae oil and 110 million pounds of biomass per year. Neither company has said where the China farm will be based, but let’s hope it doesn’t interfere with food production – a problem which already exists on Asian farmlands.

Algae fuel is higher yielding than biofuels based on corn and soybeans, though it will still take some time to bring costs down. PetroSun claims that algae is capable of producing in excess of 30 times more oil per acre than corn and soybean crops, that their biodiesel contains no sulfur, is highly biodgradable and is nontoxic.

Recently, according to GreenTechMedia, investment in algae fuel has been ratcheted up. In venture capital, algae-based biofuel companies have raised a record-breaking $179.5 million to date this year compared to $32 million last year.

Via Earth2Tech, Petrosun

 

Iogen Sends First 100,000 Liters of Cellulosic Ethanol to Shell

Looks like some big players are making a push for cellulosic ethanol. This past July, Royal Dutch Shell signed a deal with Iogen, a Canadian biotech company. Iogen has been working on bringing cellulosic ethanol production to scale, using feedstocks such as straw and corn stover (leaves and stalks). They recently shipped the first 100,000 liters of order viagra ethanol to Shell.

It makes sense that Shell is www.karlbarth.nl looking to woman testimonial of cialis ethanol. If I was an oil company, I would be most interested in alternative energy sources that are most compatible with my technology. Ethanol is already blended into gasoline here in the US up to 15%. Combustion engines can be modified, too, in order to run on higher blends of ethanol; in Brazil, most cars run on 100% ethanol. The technology – the combustion engine – is still the same, and it is therefore a natural choice for an oil company looking to expand to new markets.

The fact that Iogen has started to deliver the ethanol is good news. It makes a clear statement that cellulosic ethanol is a real technology, not just a laboratory idea. Hopefully, as more companies bring cellulosic ethanol to scale, we will be able to move away from the first generation of biofuels, which have been extensively criticized due to the non prescription viagra fact that they compete with food production.

Via Green Car Congress
Image Courtesy of Iogen

 

Bill Gates Invests in Algae Fuel

Arguably the world's most famous billionaire dork, Bill Gates, has just plopped some cash down on tramadol dog from canadian pharmacy one of EcoGeek's favorite technologies...algae fuel.

Sapphire Energy, which hopes to pills store buy levitra create fuel for cars from algae, is undergoing series B financing, and Gates and several other large investment companies brought up Sapphire's total invested capital to $100 M.

That's a pretty good hunk of change, but when you're trying to replace a trillion dollar industry, it's not so impressive.

Algae is especially good at creating fats using only the energy in the sun and cialis woman carbon dioxide from the air. Some aglaes have been engineered to actually be more fat than algae (sounds like a pretty American idea.) The fat can then be refined into biodiesel with a much smaller footprint than current crops like soy, corn or rape. Tons of new startups are working on this particular solution to our problems, and so far I like what I'm seeing.

Sapphire wants to refine the fats directly into gasoline that could be used in today's vehicles. That possibility is very enticing for investors, as it could go to market immediately. But the best-case estimates predict that Sappire's "Green Crude" won't be on the market for three to order cialis us five years.

Via CNet Greentech

 

Mascoma's Cheap Ethanol Bacteria is Ready

Researchers at Dartmouth have genetically engineered a bacterium that makes ethanol as the only product of levitra 20 tablets its fermentation from breaking down products like wood and grass. Researchers in the school's engineering department working with Mascoma Corporation have come up with the buy viagra cialis first step, a proof of concept, of ethanol-producing microbes that can make ethanol from cellulosic biomass without adding enzymes. The next step is levitra online pharmacy usa developing the bacterium for commercial production of cellulosic ethanol.

Mascoma's has been extolling it's system for a while now, saying they were certain that they'd have the proper bacteria ready for implemention in an ethanol production plant. Turns out they weren't just full of e-coli.

The discovery could eventually lead to a process to turn inedible cellulosic biomass such as wood, grass and various waste materials, into ethanol. The heat-loving bacterium developed has an advantage over the current method because cellulase enzymes used for ethanol production is expensive. Lee Lynd, a professor at Dartmouth's Thayer School of Engineering, says the genetically engineered new organism can augment the process at a lower cost.

The researchers published their findings in last week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Science.

 

$227M Plant Will Convert Hazardous Waste to Energy

ForeverGreen Enterprises and International Power Group have partnered up to launch a venture to build a power plant in Indiana that will convert hazardous waste into energy. 750 tons a day of generic viagra cost industrial, chemical and medical garbage will be converted to methanol and hydrogen, plus a little electricity – but we don’t know how much of an output the plant will have.

This is an effort to find a new niche away from cellulosic and municipal waste conversion, which has seen a flood of interest the only for you levitra online switzerland last couple years. ForeverGreen feels that all this other junk has potential, and no one else is really going after it...yet.

Construction is set to start at the very beginning of 2009, and in about 22 months, the plant will hopefully start turning hazardous materials into useable substances using a combination of International Power’s waste-heat-to-energy process and viagra testimonial ForeverGreen’s gasification process. The byproducts will include scrap steel and silicates – among other things?

Details are still vague while the companies work to www.markwellgroup.com.au find financing to cover the full project, but we’ll follow this one as construction time approaches.

Via Cleantech, Photo via andynahman

 
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